• built ca. 440 B. C. on site of older ruins

  • columns have only 16 flutings instead of usual 20
    • to reduce exposure to salt spray in air

  • frieze depicts Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs as well as feats of Theseus

  • Lord Byron carved his name into the base of one of the columns

  • only archaeological site in Greece that stays open until sunset

  • said to be place from which King Aegeus threw himself into the sea when he thought Theseus had been devoured by the Minotaur

  • Herodotus (6.87) mentions a quinquennial festival in which Athenians sailed to Sounion in a sacred ship