- built between 19 - 11 B. C.
- large rectangular building
- 121 x 107 yards
- open courtyard in center
- surrounded by stoas, shops, and storerooms
- funded by Julius Caesar and Augustus
- according to inscription on the architrave of the Gate of Athena Archegetis (“Athena the Leader”)
- was paved with slabs during the reign of Hadrian (A. D. 117 - 138)
- became the main administrative and commercial center of Athens
- after the Herulians sacked the city in A. D. 267
- excavation, by the Greek Archaeological Society, started in 1837
- private homes and other buildings on the site had to be destroyed
- excavation not yet complete
The Gate of Athena Archegetis in Athens and the Roman Agora seen from the West, Ludwig Lange.
Oil on canvas, 1842.