• built ca. 530 B. C.

  • had previously been the site of an open-air fertility cult

  • was converted to a Christian church sometime before A. D. 600
    • then was remodeled ca. A. D.700

  • original temple had square floor plan with 5 columns on pedimental side

  • roof consisted of marble beams and thin marble tiles
    • diffused light would have filled interior

  • the stones on the inward side of the cella’s wall were left unfinished
    • with the light, this must have made the room seem like a cave

  • the 5th Christian remodel changed the orientation to east-west from its original south-north layout
    • it also bricked in the spaces between the columns on the south side

  • the late 7th or early 8th century remodel made the structure an orthodox basilica, with east wall apse, stone sanctuary screen, and pulpit
    • the west wall was the only original wall left standing

  • the building was destroyed in the 9th century

  • archaeologists have attempted in the modern reconstruction to illustrate elements of all three phases of the building
    • the result is somewhat confusing
    • but use the plan depicted on this page and the signs at the site to distinguish the various elements

Modern reconstruction of the Temple of Demeter and the two Christian churches

Plan showing the layout of the modern reconstruction
Greek Island Hopping 2007, Thomas Cook Publishing, p. 167)