Adapted from Eyewitness Travel Guide, Greece


Site Plan of Ancient Corinth

(from Nicos Papahatzis, Ancient Corinth, Ekdotike Athenon S. A., 2005)


  • powerful city-state in classical period

  • sided with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War

  • completely destroyed by Romans in 146 B. C.
    • and then rebuilt by them

  • important center of Christianity
    • visited by St. Paul, who wrote two letters to the Christians there

  • began in 581 B. C.

  • one of the four crown games
    • along with Olympic, Pythian, and Nemean games

  • a religious festival dedicated to Poseidon

  • included sailing competitions

  • victors won a crown of pine


  • sacred to Pegasus and the Muses

  • one story says it was created by hoof strike of Pegasus

  • another story says Peirene was turned into the fountain as she mourned her son, unintentionally killed by Artemis

  • still supplies water to local village

Peirene Fountain, ca. A. D. 160
Reconstruction of C. Iliakis,
from Petros G. Themelis, Ancient Corinth, Editions Hannibal, 2004, p. 18

  • Doric peripteral style

  • original temple from 6th century B. C.

  • Romans rebuilt the temple

  • the seven surviving Doric columns are from the archaic temple


  • ‘altar’

  • said to be the site where St. Paul was accused of sacrilege by the Jews of Corinth

(Glauke in the Burning Robe, from a sarcophagus, Antikensammlung, Berlin)


  • four cisterns hewn from a monolith

  • filled by an aqueduct from hills

  • named for Jason’s bride-to-be, the daughter of King Kreon, whom Medea, Jason’s ex, set afire with the gift of a poisoned robe
    • Glauke went into the fountain in a futile attempt to stop the burning


  • marble-paved road to the port of Lechaion

  • began in the agora with a monumental propylon

  • in regular use until the 10th century


  • peripteral temple

  • dedicated to sister of Caesar Augustus, Roman emperor (27 B. C. - A. D.14)

  • Pausanias, the travel writer, says the temple housed a statue of Octavia


  • built at end of 1st century A. D.

  • was redesigned and remodeled ca. 175
    • remodel paid for by Herodes Atticus
      • wealthy Athenian

  • seated ca. 3000

  • destroyed and abandoned at end of 4th century


  • original construction dates to 5th century B. C.

  • modified in 3rd century A. D. so water could be piped in for mock sea battles