• one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Europe
    • dates to ca. 5000 B. C.

  • said to be the birthplace of the Greek hero Perseus

  • important center of worship of Hera
    • who was often called ‘Argive’ Hera

  • Homer frequently refers to the Greeks as ‘Argives’

  • Argos refused to participate in the defense of Greece against the invading Persians in the 5th century B. C.
    • was shunned by other Greek city-states as a result
 

  • most of the ancient city is now covered by the modern town
    • will probably never be excavated

  • J. K. Kophiniotis partially excavated the theater in 1892

  • W. Vollgraff excavated between 1902 and 1930

  • the French School has continued to excavate since 1952 under the direction of G. Daux and P. Courbin
 

    

  • built ca. 320 B. C.
    • may have been a major renovation of an earlier, smaller theatre

  • renovated and enlarged by the Romans in the 2nd century A. D.
    • it then had a seating capacity of 20,000
 

    

  • built in the 5th century B. C.

  • seated approximately 2,500

  • renovated between A. D. 117 - 138

  • now typically called an Odeum (or Odeion)

plan from http://www.whitman.edu/theatre/theatretour/argos/images/large%20images/argos.plan.jpg
Copyright © 2006 Thomas G. Hines, Department of Theatre, Whitman College