Arch of Hadrian with Acropolis in Background

Monument to Hadrian,
Roman Emperor and Benefactor of Athens

  • built ca. A. D. 131, perhaps to honor a visit to Athens by Hadrian
    • Hadrian was Roman emperor (A. D. 117 - 138)

  • located 325 m from the Acropolis on the southeast side, along Amalias Avenue

  • made of Pentelic marble

The arch bears two inscriptions, each on the architrave above the central arch on opposite sides of the monument.

The inscription on the east side (the reader will be facing the Acropolis) is

‘this is Athens, the ancient city of Theseus’

The inscription on the west side (the reader will be facing the Temple of Zeus) is

‘this is the city of Hadrian and not of Theseus’